This is a general list of works that are either specifically about Deaf geographies, or that have been discussed with reference to Deaf geographies.

They are presented in chronological order from earliest to latest… so if you’re interested in looking at the most recent work, scroll to the bottom.

Deaf Geography Literature

Lassiter, Unna, I (1994) Ideology and Deaf community formation in the built environment of Chisholm Hall, California State University, Northridge. Unpublished MA Thesis. California State University, Northridge. (part 1, part 2, part 3)

Kelly, Ember (2003) “Embodying difference: hybrid geographies of deaf people’s technological experience” – Unpublished PhD submitted to the University of Bristol, UK.

Heap, Marion (2003) “Crossing social boundaries and dispersing social identity: Tracing Deaf networks from Cape Town.” – Thesis (PhD)–Stellenbosch University, South Africa. (also available from:

Skelton, Tracey & Valentine, Gill (2003) ‘It feels like being Deaf is normal’: an exploration into the complexities of defining D/deafness and young D/deaf people’s identities. The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien 47, no 4 (2003) 451–466.

Valentine, G. & Skelton, T. (2003) Living on the edge: the marginalisation and ‘resistance’ of D/deaf youth. Environment and Planning A, vol. 35, p. 301-321.

Gulliver, Mike (2004) Write me a memory – Or, the constructions of the deaf-mute banquets in 19th century Paris. Unpublished Masters Thesis. University of Bristol: UK (constructions and discourses of nationhood)

O’Brien, Dai (2005) – What’s the sign for “pint”? – An investigation into the validity of two different models to describe Bristol’s current Deaf pub culture. Unpublished Thesis submitted for the MSc in Deaf Studies: University of Bristol, UK. (Of particularly interest, application of Foucault’s ‘heterotopias’ to questions of Deaf, and more generally signing, spaces)

Gulliver, M. (2005) ‘The Deafscape; landscape and heritage of the Deaf world”, paper presented at Forum UNESCO conference, Newcastle University, UK, 11–16 April 2005

Gulliver, M. (2005) “The Deafscape; landscape and heritage of the Deaf world”, paper presented at the Institute of British Geographers, Royal Geographical Society Annual Conference: London, Sept 2nd 2005.

Eickman, Jordan (2006) “Tracing Deafhood: exploring the origins and spread of Deaf cultural identity”. Deaf Studies Today! Simply Complex  (Utah Valley State College, Orem, Utah). Deaf Studies Today, 127-144 p. (part1) (part2)

Gulliver, Mike (2006) – Introduction to Deaf Space. Unpublished introductory document originally written for publication through a Deafhood-based website.

Marion Heap (2006) “Sign-deaf Spaces: The Deaf in Cape Town Creating Community, Crossing Boundaries, Constructing Identity,” Anthropology of Southern Africa, 29: 35–44

Batterbury, Sarah., Ladd, Paddy., Gulliver, Mike (2007) Sign Language Peoples as indigenous minorities: implications for research and policy. Environment and Planning A 2007, volume 39, pages 2899 – 2915.

Edwards, RAR (2007) “Chasing Aleck: The Story of a Dorm”. The Public Historian, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Summer 2007), pp. 87-104

Murray, Joseph (2007) “One touch of nature makes the whole world kin”: the transnational lives of deaf Americans, 1870-1924. PhD University of Iowa.

Gulliver, M. (2007) “Deaf Geographies”. Departmental presentation to the Centre for Deaf Studies, University of Bristol, May 2007.

Lachance, Nathalie (2007) “Territoire, transmission et culture sourde – Perspectives historiques et réalités contemporaines”. Quebec: Les Presses de l’Université Laval, 292 p.

Mathews, Elizabeth. S. (2007) «Place, Space and Identity – Using Geography in Deaf Studies». In Deaf Studies Today! 2006: Simply Complex (Conference Proceedings) (Oram, Utah,  Utah Valley University.

Gulliver, Mike (2008) ‘Places of Silence’, in Vanclay, F., Higgins, M., & Blackshaw, A. (eds.) Making Sense of Place: Exploring Concepts and Expressions of Place through Different Senses and Lenses. Canberra: National Museum of Australia, pp. 87- 94.

Valentine, Gill & Skelton, Tracey (2008) Changing spaces: the role of the internet in shaping Deaf geographies. Social & Cultural Geography, 9:5, 469-485

Kusters, Annelies (2009) ‘Deaf on the Lifeline of Mumbai’. Sign Language Studies, Volume 10, Number 1, Fall 2009, Pp. 36-68

Gulliver, Mike (2009) DEAF space, a history: The production of DEAF spaces Emergent, Autonomous, Located and Disabled in 18th and 19th century France. Unpublished PhD Thesis – University of Bristol: UK.

Comat, Ioana (2010) «Territoire-réseau et nouveau “pays sourd” – Pour une approche géographique de la construction de l’identité sourde contemporaine». In ‘Les Sourds: aux origines d’une identité plurielle’ P.I.E. Peter Lang, sous la dir. de C. Gaucher et S. Vibert, p. 163. Coll. «Divertisas», no 5. Bruxelles.

Kusters, Annelies (2010) ‘Deaf Utopias? Reviewing the Sociocultural Literature on the World’s “Martha’s Vineyard Situations”’. In: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pp. 3-16.

Mathews, Elizabeth S. (2010) ‘”No sign language if you want to get him talking”: power, transgression/resistance, and discourses of d/Deafness in the Republic of Ireland. Population, Space and Place. Volume 17, Issue 4, July/August 2011, Pages 361–376

Bahan, Ben (2011) “Memoir upon the formation of a visual variety of the human race” – This paper has been in circulation since 2004 (is the earliest citation I can find) but this copy was downloaded from–benjamin.-memoir-upon-the-formation-of-a-vi on the 7th March 2012.

Benoît, Cynthia., Apparicio, Philippe and Séguin, Anne-Marie. (2011) – Mapping out Deaf spaces in Montreal – GIS applications to Deaf geography. Slides of presentation given at the American Association of Geographers Annual Conference: Seattle, US.

Kusters, Annelies (2011) “Since time immemorial until the end of days: An ethnographic study of the production of deaf space in Adamorobe, Ghana” PhD – University of Bristol: UK. (Note – this has now become a book, published by GUP – see below for 2015).

Sangalang, J (2012) – What is Privacy in Deaf Space?

Gulliver, M. (2013) “Building blocks to an understanding of Deaf space”. Guide prepared for academic forum. August 2013.

Harold G (2013) “Reconsidering sound and the city: asserting the right to the Deaf-friendly city” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 31(5) 846 – 862.

Gulliver M, Kitzel MB, Walker J (2013) Conference Report: ‘Deaf Geographies’. In Deaf History International Newsletter. No 51. December 2013. pp 8-9.

Mantin, Mike (2013) Educational Experiences of Deaf Children in Wales: The Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, 1847-1914, PhD, Swansea University, U.K.

Gulliver, M and Kitzel M E (2014) – Deaf Geographies, an Introduction

Claire Edwards and Gill Harold (2014) ‘DeafSpace and the principles of universal design’. Disability and Rehabilitation. Volume 36: Issue 16. pp 1350 – 1359.

Kitzel, M E (2014) ‘Chasing ancestors: searching for the roots of American Sign Language in the Kentish Weald, 1620-1851. PhD, University of Sussex, U.K.

Lyons, W. J and Gulliver, M. (2014) “Deaf Co-operatives, alternative capital, alternative orders” Script from presentation give on 29th August 2014 at Institute for British Geographers International Conference. RGS with the IBG London.

Gulliver, M (2015) The Emergence of International Deaf Spaces in France from Desloges 1779 to the Paris Congress of 1900. In Michele Friedner and Annelies Kusters (eds). It’s a Small World. International Deaf Spaces and Encounters. GUP: Washington, DC.

Gulliver, M (2015) Philanthropy for and from the London Deaf community in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Presented at the International Congress of Historical Geographers. London, July 2015. (with William John Lyons).

Kusters, A (2015) Deaf space in Adamorobe: an ethnographic study in a village in Ghana. Washington: Gallaudet University Press.

Kusters and Friedner (eds) “It’s a Small World: International Deaf Spaces and Encounters.” Washington: Gallaudet University Press.

O’Brien, D (2015) “Deaf-led Deaf Studies: Using Kaupapa Maori Principles to Guide Development of Deaf Research Practices” Presentation given at Deaf Academics 2015.

Shaw, C (2015) “We Have No Need to Lock Ourselves Away”: Space, Marginality, and the Negotiation of Deaf Identity in Late Soviet Moscow. Slavic Review, Vol. 74, No. 1, pp. 57-78

Ilkbasaran, Deniz. (2015) “Literacies, Mobilities and Agencies of Deaf Youth in Turkey: Constraints and Opportunities in the 21st Century.” PhD, UCSD, USA. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Web.

Gulliver, M and Kitzel M E (2016) Deaf Geographies. In Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault, The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia, pages 451-453. SAGE Publications, Inc: Thousand Oaks.

Mike Gulliver & Emily Fekete (2017) Themed section: Deaf geographies – an emerging field, Journal of Cultural Geography, 34:2, 121-130, DOI:10.1080/08873631.2017.1305539

Emily Fekete (2017) Embodiment, linguistics, space: American
Sign Language meets geography, Journal of Cultural Geography, 34:2, 131-148, DOI:

Deniz İlkbaşaran (2017) Tracing deaf youth geographies and mobilities in
Turkey: insights from a vocational high school, Journal of Cultural Geography, 34:2, 194-221, DOI:

Annelies Kusters (2017) When transport becomes a destination: deaf spaces
and networks on the Mumbai suburban trains, Journal of Cultural Geography, 34:2, 170-193, DOI:10.1080/08873631.2017.1305525

Mary E. Kitzel (2017)  Creating a Deaf place: the development of the Asylum for Deaf and Dumb Poor Children in the early nineteenth century, Journal of Cultural  Geography, DOI: 10.1080/08873631.2017.1305522

Dai O’Brien, Lisa Stead, Nicholas Nourse (2017): Bristol Deaf Memories: archives, nostalgia and the loss of community space in the deaf community in Bristol.Social and Cultural Geography, Published online 23rd October 2017

Rosen, Russell S. (2018) “Geographies in the American DeafWorld as institutional constructions of the deaf body in space: the sensescape model.” Disability & Society 33.1 : 59-77.

Dai O’Brien (2021) Theorising the deaf body: using Lefebvre and Bourdieu to understand deaf spatial experience. Cultural Geographies.  Online open access version, released March 19, 2021.

John Walker (2022) The Deaf community of Brighton and Hove and the performance of cultural capital: self, body and landscape. PhD thesis. Link is to University of Sussex electronic theses.